river birch Betula nigra. This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Bark more showy than the regular native species. Salmon-pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. Birch trees prefer to occupy habitats in cool, moist areas, including peatlands (moors, peatbogs), river banks, and lakeshores. A tall tree (60 to 80 feet) with a spread of about 30 feet, it has yellow fall foliage. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Shiloh Splash River Birch Tree(Betula nigra 'Shiloh Splash') has the most amazing variegated leaves, along with the charming exfoliating bark you love. Their shapes vary from the oval form of white birch to the shape that characterizes the river birch. Grow it in zones 4 to 7 in full sun to partial shade. Its diamond shaped, double-toothed leaves produce an … Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Still relatively short-lived when compared to many shade trees. Betula platyphylla var. They can be multi-trunked trees or grown to have just one trunk. They are also more borer-resistant than most birches. Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 15 Varieties of Japanese Maple Trees With Colorful Foliage. This is a reference to its bark, which starts out salmon but turns darker as it matures. The specific type of aphid that feeds on river birch foliage is known as the spiny witch-hazel gall aphid. ‘Heritage' - Heat-loving, highly adaptive cultivar that won a Pennsylvania Horticulture Society Gold Medal in 1990. River birch seed germinates quickly in mud, allowing it to grow in areas where it helps prevent erosion. The plant grows to be 40 to 50 feet tall, with a spread of 35 to 45 feet. If misused, however, damage may occur from trunk girdling or constriction, insects, diseases and excessive moisture. Jacquemonti Birch, White-barked Himalayan Birch. Betula nigra-- River Birch Page 2 Crown density: dense Figure 2. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Reported to have other better features than the regular native river birch. River birch is distinguished by having alternate, simple leaves, 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches long, 3/4 to 2 1/2 inches wide, sharp pointed, double toothed or shallowly lobed, with a wedge shaped base. ... Birch, River Common Name: River Birch Betula nigra Tree Size: Large Leaf Type: Deciduous Comments: Works well as multiple trunk specimen. Some of the other shapes of birch leaves include the almost triangular outline of gray birch and the oblong form of sweet birch. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. It is fast growing and provides shade about as quickly as any tree can. - Narrow, pyramidal growth habit when young. In early summer it moves on to witch hazel foliage, but will not infest any other plant. Foliage: Triangular green leaves with toothed edges, yellow fall colour. Native to the Eastern U.S., they will reach a height of 40 to 70 feet with a spread of 25 to 35 feet. River birch seed ripens in May and June. Use wraps based on type of protection needed. Their height and spread are similar to that of river birch trees. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. The foliage is eaten by deer and other browsers. But it derives its common name not from the color of its foliage, but rather from the color of its peeling bark. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Sweet birch (Betula lenta) has dark-colored bark. Birch can be found in larger numbers in cool damp woods and forests were the ground does not dry out for most of the year. River Birch, Red Birch. Another “white” birch is Young’s weeping birch (Betula pendula Youngii), a dwarf variety that reaches a height of 6 to 12 feet at maturity. Grows well in wet areas. Betulaceae -- Birch family. River birch trees can be grown in planting zones 4 to 9. The common name of a leaf can change depending on your location. 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